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Introduction to Haitian Creole

After reading these sentences. Click Here to learn Real Creole on Our forum>>>

Grammar

Pronouns

The personal pronouns in Creole are as follows:


 
i
mwen/mon
you(singular)
ou
he/she/it
i or li
we
nou
you(plural)

ou
they
yo

 


Possessive pronouns are the same as personal pronouns except he/she/it follow the noun (e.g. liv mwen).

The possessive pronoun for he/she/it is 'li' and its contracted form is y or'l' which follows nouns ending in a vowel (e.g. liv li, lavi'l, lavi'y).

In the case of 'ou' (you) the possessive pronoun is contracted when it follows a noun ending in a vowel (e.g. manman'w).

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Gender

 

In Creole there are two genders, male and female, which may be applied to nouns when denoting sex.

The distinction of sex may be shown by:

  • Different words:

 
konp/makoum

godfather/godmother

kk/poul

cock/hen

fr/s

brother/sister

mari/madan'm
or
husband/wife

 

  • By use of compound words:

 
mal kabrit/femel kabrit
he goat/she goat

 

    Note: When showing a female has had young, manman is used instead of feml, especially when the feminine has no clear form:

 
yon manman chyen

a bitch

yon manman bf

a mother cow

 

  • Gender may also be shown by derivation:

 
kouzen/kouzi'n

male cousin/female cousin

ng/ngs

negro/negress

 

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Articles

 

Creole has a definite article 'la' with a contracted form 'a'. The contracted form is used with nouns ending in a vowel. The definite article, which is translated as the English 'the' and hyphenated, follows the noun e.g.

I ap lav asyt-la. He is washing the plate.

timou'n nan-a ap dmi. The child is sleeping.

However, the English definite article 'the' is not always translated by Creole 'la' e.g.  often it is put after the word instead of before.

Sly kouch. The sun has set.

or      soley la couche.  The sun has set.  La is placed for the.

The indefinite article in Creole, 'yon' (which also means 'one') or 'on' precedes the noun and is translated as the Englsh 'a' or 'an'. E.g.

Genyen on larivy bo kay-la. There is a river close to the house

 

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Simple Sentences in Creole

 

Now for the useful stuff!
Koman yo rele ou? or
Ki non ou?
What is your name?

Non mwen s Paul.
Yo rele mwen Paul
My name is Paul.

Bon jou, Mesy.

Good day, Sir.

Bonn apr midi.

Good afternoon

Bon swa.

Good night.

Ki sa ou vl?

What do you want?

Mon vl yon bwson

I want a drink.

Mon swaf.

I am thirsty.

Mon grangou.

I am hungry.

Mon pa grangou.

 I am not hungry.

Jodi a s yon bl jou.

Today is a beautiful day.

Lapli  ap tonb.

It is raining.

Li f cho jdi a.

It is very hot today.

Ki kote ki mwen ka jwen'n
yon lgliz?
Where can I find a church?

 

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Days of the Week

 

 
dimanch

   

Sunday
lendi

Monday
madi

Tuesday
mkrdi

Wednesday
jdi

Thursday
vandrdi

Friday
sanmdi

Saturday

 

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Months of the Year

 
Janvy
January

   

jwiy
July
Fevriy
February

dawout
or  out
August
mas
March

sptanm
September
avril
April

ktb
October
m
May

novanm
November
jen
June

dsanm
December

 

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Numbers

 
zero
0

   

dis
10

   

ven
20
en or yonn
1

onz
11

trant
30
d
2

douz
12

karant
40
twa
3

trz
13

senkant
50
kat
4

katoz
14

swasant
60
senk
5

kenz
15

swasant dis
70
sis
6

sez
16

katreven
80
st
7

dist
17

katreven dis
90
yuit
8

dizwit
18

san
100
nf
9

diznf
19

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Colours

 
wouj
red

  

nwa
black
v
green

oranj
orange
woz
pink

jn
yellow
bl
blue

vylet
purple
maron
brown

blan
white
gri
grey

After reading these sentences. Click Here to learn Real Creole on Our forum>>>

 

 

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